Dr. Hargovind Khurana biography
Dr. Hargovind Khurana Ji was a great Indian-American scientist who decoded DNA and played an important role in laying the foundation of gene engineering. He was also awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for better demonstrating the role of nucleitides in protein synthesis, so let us know about the life of the great scientist Dr. Hargovind Khurana Ji and the important research done by him- Dr. Hargovind Khurana biography
Know the biography of Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji who played his important role in laying the foundation of biotechnology
Dr. Hargovind Khurana biography
At a glance about the life of Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji – Dr Hargobind Khorana Information
|Full Name||Dr. Hargovind Khurana|
|Birthday||9 January 1922, Raipur, Multan (in present-day Pakistan)|
|The profession||Great scientist|
|Scope of work||Molecular Biology|
|Death||November 9, 2011, Concord, Massachusetts, USA|
Early life and education of Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji – Dr. Hargobind Khorana Biography
Hargovind Khurana ji was born in Raipur, undivided India in the house of a patwari on January 9, 1922, which is currently part of Multan district of Pakistan.
He was born in a very poor and poor family as the youngest child of his parents, although his family’s maternal condition did not let his father affect his children’s education, which led to Hargovind from the very beginning. Ji could get an atmosphere of studies.
At the same time, Hargovind’s family was the only educated and educated family in a village with a population of 1 thousand people.
In 1934, when Hargobind ji was 12 years old, his father’s shadow rose from his head, after which his elder brother took the responsibility of his education.
Dr. Hargovind Khurana studies – Har Gobind Khorana Education
Hargovind Khurana ji was a child of exceptional talent and acumen since childhood, who did his early education by staying in a local school, then after this he did D.A.V. of Multan. Enrolled in high school.
In the year 1943, Hargovind ji completed his Bsc (Hons) from Punjab University and MSc (Hons) from the same University in the year 1945.
At the same time, he received a scholarship from the Government of India for further studies, with which he went to England and then in England, he obtained a doctorate from Liverpool University.
Then worked with Lord Tad at Cambridge University. From the year 1950 to 1952, Hargovind spent about 2 years at Cambridge University.
After this, he not only did research work in the famous university there but also worked as a professor, while the most surprising thing about Hargovind ji was that despite having a higher education, he was not able to have any in India at that time. Work could not be found, due to which he had to move to England.
Currently, in 1952, Hargovind ji got an offer from Columbia University in Canada, after which he joined this university, where he was appointed as the chairman of the Department of Biochemistry. While staying at the same university, Hargovind started his research in the field of genetics.
At the same time, International magazines of Hargovind ji started being published in research journals. During this time, he gained considerable fame and his papers started being discussed.
Subsequently in 1960, Dr. Hargovind ji was awarded the Gold Medal at the Professor Institute of Public Service in Canada and was also awarded the Merck Award.
The same year Dr. Hargovind Khurana was made a professor at the Institute of Science Research at the University of Wisconsin, USA.
It was only in 1960 that the great scientist Dr. Khurana clarified this research of Neerberg and stated that D.N.A. The manner of configuration of four different types of nucleotides on the rotating ‘soap’ of the molecule determines the chemical structure and function of the new cell in a proper way.
Apart from this, the great scientist Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji has also played his important role in laying the foundation of gene engineering i.e. biotechnology.
Let me tell you that he was also awarded the Nobel Prize in the year 1968 for correctly understanding the language of genetic code and for demonstrating the role of nucleotide in protein synthesis.
However, the award was shared jointly with two more American scientists, Dr. Robert Holle and Dr. Marshall Nirenberg. Let us tell you that during this time, these three also explained the structure of DNA molecule and also explained how DNA synthesizes proteins.
While it was clear during his recharges that genes are formed by combining RNA and DNA, they are also considered to be the basic unit of life, while the basic secret of heredity is hidden in these acids.
In 1966, he accepted US citizenship. He was then appointed as the Alfred Sloan Professor of Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the year 1970.
After this, he remained associated with this institute for about 37 years and during this time he gained a lot of fame.
Dr. Marriage of Hargovind ji, Children and Personal Life – Har Gobind Khorana
The great scientist of the world, Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji, married Esther Elizabeth Sibler, daughter of the Member of Parliament of Switzerland in 1952, at the age of 30.
After marriage, the two were born three children named Dave Roy, Julia Elizabeth, Emily Etr. Let me tell you that like Hargovind ji, his wife Elizabeth was also a scientist, both had very good bonding, Elizabeth was very supportive of them in research and study and respected her husband’s feelings and understood them very well.
Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji got the award/ The honor – Har Gobind Khorana Awards
Dr. Hargovind Khurana, the great scientist of the world who made his significant contribution in Molecular Biology, was awarded with all the honors including Nobel Prize for his great research, the list of awards he received is as follows-
- Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji has been awarded the Nobel Prize for Medical Sciences in 1968 for better performance of the role of nucleotides in protein synthesis.
- He was the first scientist of Indian origin to be honored with this honor.
- In the year 1968, Dr. Khurana was also awarded the Lucia Grass Hari Witz Award and the Locker Federation Award.
- In 1969, Dr. Hargovind Khurana Ji was awarded the Padma Bhushan Award from the Government of India.
- In 1967, Dr. Hargovind Khurana ji was given the Danny Hahnemann Award.
- In 1958, Dr. Hargovind Khurana Ji was awarded the Merck Medal Award of Canada.
Dr. Hargovind ji passed away – Hargobind Khorana Death
The great scientist of the world who laid the foundation of gene engineering or biotechnology, Dr. Hargovind ji left this world on November 9, 2011. He may not be among us today, but he will always be remembered for his great discovery.
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