Jayaprakash Narayan Biography
Jayaprakash Narayan was a great politician, social reformer, freedom fighter and influential speaker of the country. He is also known as Loknayak. He strongly opposed the immoral and undemocratic methods of the Indira Gandhi government and demanded the resignation of Indira Gandhi.
However, he also had to go to jail during the Emergency. He is known as a revolutionary politician who united the youth of the country and called for a “peaceful complete revolution” and awakened him to politics, so let’s know something about the life of Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan ji Important things-
Life introduction of Jayaprakash Narayan, who played an important role in the freedom struggle – Jai Prakash Narayan
Biography of Jayaprakash Narayan at a glance – Jayaprakash Narayan Biography
|Real name||Jai Prakash Narayan|
|Birthday||11 October 1902, Sitavadiyara, Bihar|
|Father Name||Harsu Dayal Shree Vaastav|
|Mother Name||Phool Rani Devi|
|Awards||Ramon Mags Award|
|Death||8 October 1979, Patna, Bihar, India|
Birth, family and early life of Jayaprakash Narayan – Jayaprakash Narayan History
Jayaprakash Narayan, who played a major role in India’s freedom movement, was born in a Kayastha family on October 11, 1903, in Sitabadiyara in Saran district, Bihar.
His mother’s name was Phool Rani Devi and his father’s name was Harsu Dayal Sri Vaastav, who worked in the canal department of the state government.
Jayaprakash Narayan did his early education from Patna. He was very fond of reading magazines and books from the very beginning. At the same time during his schooling, he read the books of many big writers and had studied the biggest epic of Hinduism, Sri Madabhavadgita. At the same time, his intellectual ability was also developed by reading books.
Education of Jayprakash Narayan ji – Jayaprakash Narayan Education
When Jayaprakash Narayan ji was studying in school, he had a sense of patriotism and patriotism, due to which he completed his higher education from Bihar Vidyapeeth by boycotting British style schools in protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
After this, he studied at Barkali University in America and got his MA degree in Sociology. During this time he also worked in many companies and hotels to finance his studies.
While studying in America, he read the famous work of the great philosopher Karl Marx, “Das Capitil”, and he was also greatly influenced by Marxist ideology.
Jayaprakash Narayan ji’s marriage, children and personal life – Jayaprakash Narayan Information
He was married to Prabhavati Devi, daughter of Brij Kishore Prasad, in the year 1920 when Jayaprakash Narayan ji was working as an executive in Patna.
At the same time, it was not possible for the two to stay together because of the job. Prabhavati and her family had very good relations with Mahatma Gandhi. Therefore, she started working as a servant in Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram.
Jayaprakash Narayan ji’s participation in freedom movement – Swadhinta Andolan
When Jayaprakash Narayan returned home after completing his studies, the freedom struggle of India was at its peak, after which JP decided to jump into the freedom movement and in 1932, civil disobedience by Gandhiji against the British. Played its important participation during the movement.
Due to this, in September 1932, British police officers in Madras arrested him for being involved in activities and then put him in Nashik jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Ashok Mehta, Meenu Mastani, CK Narayanaswamy, Basavon happened to many big politicians like Sinha.
At the same time, influenced by the views of these leaders, they formed the Congress Socialist Party (CSP), whose general secretary Jai Prakash Narayan was appointed.
At the same time in the year 1942, when Mahatma Gandhiji launched the Quit India movement against the British. During this, Jayaprakash Narayan ji inspired the Indians to participate in the freedom struggle.
During this time, British police officers arrested him and kept him in Hazaribagh jail. During this time inside the jail he planned freedom movements along with other revolutionaries including Suraj Narayan Singh, Shaligram Singh, Gulab Chhanda Gufta, Yogendra Shukla and managed to escape from the jail by dodging the British police.
Bihar movement started by Jayprakash Narayan – Bihar Movement
After the independence of the country on August 15, 1947, Jayaprakash Narayan was made the president of the All India Railwaymen’s Federation of India’s largest labor force. Where he served for nearly 5 years.
At the same time, he notices that India has become free from the slavery of the British, but the economic, social and political situation of the country was still very bad.
In the country, many problems like inflation, unemployment, corruption, casteism were spread, in view of this, Jayaprakash Narayan started a mass movement by gathering youth and took out a silent procession in Patna in 1974. During this procession, the government also lathied the protesters.
At the same time, gradually this Bihar movement took a big form and it spread all over India. At the same time, this movement is known as “Shanti Sampoorna Kranti” movement.
Jayaprakash Narayan’s role during Emergency – Jayaprakash Narayan Role During Emergency
India’s freedom fighter Jayaprakash Narayan was a supporter of the Congress at first, but after Indira Gandhi’s government after independence, when there were problems of unemployment, bribery, corruption in the country.
During this, Jayaprakash Narayan strongly opposed the corrupt and undemocratic methods of the Indira Gandhi government.
He even united the opposition leaders and demanded the resignation of several big leaders of the Congress including Indira Gandhi and also appealed to the police and the army not to accept the Indira government’s unethical decisions.
After which Indira Gandhi, the first woman Prime Minister of the country imposed Emergency in the country on 25 June 1975 and during this time arrested all opposition leaders including Jayaprakash Narayan. At the same time, two years later, on January 18, 1977, the Indira Gandhi government removed the emergency from the country and then announced elections in March 1977.
During this election, the Janata Party was formed under the leadership of Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan and his party also won this election. In this way, for the first time a non-Congress government was formed in India due to JP’s “Total Revolution Movement”. At the same time, the youth of the country also awakened to politics.
Jai Prakash Narayan ji passed away – Jai Prakash Narayan Death
Jayaprakash Narayan ji continued to work in the interest of the country throughout his life and engaged in social service. At the same time, his health deteriorated during his stay in jail during the Emergency and due to which he was also released from jail.
However, during medical examination, JP’s kidney was found to be bad, after which he remained on dialysis for several days and then he died on 8 October 1979 due to heart attack in Patna.
Jayaprakash Narayan received honors / achievements – Jayaprakash Narayan Awards
Raman Magsaysay Award was awarded in 1965 by Jayaprakash Narayan, who made significant contribution in the freedom struggle.
In the year 1999, Jayaprakash Narayan has also been awarded the highest equal Bharat Ratna of India for the great work done by him.
Jayaprakash Narayan was also awarded the Rashtrabhushan Award on behalf of the FIE Foundation.
Heritage in the name of Jayaprakash Narayan – Heritage In The Name of Jayaprakash Narayan
Many institutions, hospitals and colleges are named after him in honor of Jayaprakash Narayan, who contributed significantly to India’s freedom struggle.
The country’s largest trauma center has also been named after Jay Prakash Narayan Jayaprakash Narayan Apex Trauma Center.
In Chhapra district of Bihar, Jaypee University is named after Jayaprakash Narayan.
Apart from this, LN Jaypee Hospital has been named after him in Delhi and Jai Prabha Hospital in Patna.
Jayaprakash Narayan ji was the true heroic son of Mother Earth, who worked in the interest of the country throughout his life and played an important role in the fight to get slave India free from the clutches of the British.
He always boldly put his revolutionary ideas before the people and inspired the youth of the country with his effective speeches.
Although during the independence movement, he had to endure many times of jail torture, but he never withdrew from his duty and continued to fight like a hero. Everyone needs to take inspiration from a great personality like Jayprakash Nayaran.
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