Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography
Birth : 3 April 1903 (Mangalore, Karnataka)
The death : October 29, 1988
Scope of work: Freedom fighter fighter And social reformer
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a social reformer, freedom fighter and a pioneer of the women’s revolution and an Gandhian woman who brought about a fresh new era in the field of Indian handicraft. Additionally, she worked as a social worker and as well as a lover of literature and art. She joined the national service because of the loneliness of her life and the appeal to follow the example of Mahatma Gandhi.
Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, who integrated the handicrafts and handloom segment and helped give it a brand new image at the national level was regarded by Mahatma Gandhi to be a great influence and the fearless freedom fighter was awarded the title of “Supreme Romantic Heroine” by Gandhi ji in the days of his.
Kamaladevi was a social democrat despite being a Brahmin The girl was a rightist even though she was a bride and groom. She was a politician that did not require an office. The patriotism ethos was such that following the declaration of independence, she refused to take the award given to him by government. After the split of his country, he dedicated his time to helping refugees. She was extremely impressed by Gandhiji Jawaharlal Nehru Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Sarojini Naidu, and Kasturba Gandhi.
While in London She became a part of The Non-Cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1923. In the following year, she was then sent back to India. After arriving in India, she began giving in Sevadal and Gandhian groups.
Early And family life | Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was born on 3 April 1903 to a wealthy Brahmin family living in Mangalore (Karnataka). The fourth girl of their parents. Her father Ananthaya Dhareshwar, the District Collector for Mangalore. Her mother Girijabai was a highly educated confident, shrewd and cultured woman, who was part of an affluent family from Karnataka. His grandmother was knowledgeable about the ancient Indian philosophical thought. Because she was raised in this kind of setting, she was self-reliant and rational and this was a trait that she applied as she grew older. He graduated with a degree from Sociology at Bedford College, University of London following Mangalore and then in the second wedding of his. He also conducted a thorough research into the Indian tradition of Sanskrit comedy Kutiyattam (Kerala).
At the age of 7 ans old, his parents was killed. She was the child bride and her first marriage was at a early age i.e. 12 years old together with Krishna Rao in the year 1917. However, within the space of two decades Krishna Rao died in the year 1919. During his education the year 1919, he got married.
In the year 1919, Sarojini herself got wed to the younger Naidu sister Harendranath Chattopadhyay. But his family members who believed in caste, strongly opposed the wedding.
After a couple of hours of marriage Kamaladevi relocated to London together with Herndranath. Harendranath was also who was interested in music, art poetry, and literature. Due to the absence of harmony between the two ideologies the relationship didn’t last long and ended in divorce. They had one son, named Ramakrishna Chattopadhyay.
Contribution to Women’s Movement
Kamla Devi, who was an addicted to nature established the All India Women’s Conference’. She was a very courageous woman as well as the very first Indian woman to have the courage to participate in the political open elections in the 1920s in a time where the majority of Indian females did not be aware of independence. She was among women who were part of Gandhi’s Salt Movement (year 1930) and the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’.
The first female taken into custody during the Bombay Presidency for breaking the salt law. She was detained several times in the struggle for independence and was in jail for five years.
Contribute to the development of handicrafts and handloom art
He performed a remarkable and highly commendable work to find beautiful handicrafts and handlooms that were scattered across the country. Kamala Chattopadhyay was the first Indian woman to acknowledge handloom and handicrafts not just on a national, but also international scale.
After the independence of India He was made the director of the All India Handicraft’ in year 1952. In the countryside the artisan walked around and collected handicrafts and other handloom arts with the fervor of a connoisseur. The result of how they helped the weavers of the countryside was that whenever they visited villages, the handicraftsmen weavers, weavers and goldsmiths took off their turbans heads and followed on their way. The same community in awe of their unflinching and selfless mother’s character they christened them ‘Handloom Mom”.
Contribute to the establishment of major cultural and economic institutions of the country
The majority of the important cultural institutions in India today are the product of his visionary and firm goals. Some of them include the National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Academy, Central Cottage Industries Emporium and Craft Council of India. He helped to improve the Indian population economically and socially through the promotion of handicrafts and cooperative movements. As he worked the entrepreneur had to fight with the authorities before and after independence.
Books written by
He also wrote books such as ‘The Awakening of Indian Women’ in the year 1939, ‘Japan is Wickedness and Strength’ in the year 1943, ‘Uncle Sam’s Empire’ in the year 1944, ‘In War-torn China’ in the year 1944 and ‘Towards a National Theater’. Which was very popular.
Award And The honor
For social service, Bharat Sircar honored him with the civilian honor ‘Padma Bhushan’ in the year 1955.
In the year 1987, Bharat Sircar honored him with his second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan.
He was awarded the ‘Ramon Magsaysay’ award in the year 1966 for community leadership.
He was awarded ‘Fellowship and Ratna Member’ by Sangeet Natak Academy.
He was also awarded the ‘Lifetime Achievement’ award in the year 1974 by the Sangeet Natak Academy.
In 1977, he was awarded by UNESCO for promoting Handicraft.
Shanti Niketan honored his highest honor ‘Desikottam’.
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